News : President of Ukraine Signs Emergency Law

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed an emergency law, Wednesday (28/11/2018), following a heated situation in relations with Russia which detained three of its naval vessels. President Poroshenko has signed an (emergency) law," said Ukrainian presidential spokesman Svyatoslav Tsegolko via his Facebook account. 

Launching from AFP, the emergency law filed on Monday (11/26/2018), received support from the Ukrainian parliament, the Verkhovna Rada and will be enforced in the border area for 30 days. It was not explained when exactly the emergency law came into force. 

Ukrainian officials said the emergency situation had begun since Monday (11/26/2018), but the presidential spokesman did not comment. Read also: Her Ships Shot by Russia, Ukraine Intends to Announce Emergency Law Poroshenko called for immediate action after Russian forces opened fire, seized and detained three navy-owned ships in the Kerch Strait, off the coast of Crimea on Sunday (11/25/2018). On Tuesday (11/27/2018), 

Poroshenko warned that his country would mobilize full force, prepare its military, and prepare for a full-scale war with Russia. Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman told parliament that the state must always be ready to fight enemy aggression. The emergency law will be implemented in 10 regions, including the border with Russia as well as areas controlled by Moscow-backed separatist groups, including along the coast in the Azov Sea and the Black Sea. Previously reported, with an emergency law, the Ukrainian government would be authorized to limit civil liberties guaranteed by the constitution, such as freedom of assembly and freedom of expression.

 The government will also be given the authority to prohibit its citizens from traveling, tighten surveillance at the border and imported goods. The state also increases control of the media. Television and newspapers can be closed if they are considered to endanger national security. Poroshenko in an interview with a television station on Tuesday (11/27/2018) said the purpose of the emergency law was to show the enemy that they would pay dearly if they dared to attack Ukraine. Details regarding the status and emergency law that were put in place will be explained at a press conference which will be held by the defense ministry. 

from : on Kompas.com

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Info from International Voting at the UN General Assembly on Jerusalem, 128 Countries Against the US

Voting in the emergency UN General Assembly session on Thursday (21/12/2017), found 128 countries opposed to the United States step that recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. 

As the UN website released, only nine countries supported the US move, while 35 other countries abstained. AFP news agency said, in the same line with the United States and Israel are Guatemala, Honduras, Togo, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, and Marshall Islands. 

 The abstentions include Philippines, Romania, Rwanda, Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Croatia and Mexico. Ukraine, which was previously in the UN Security Council, backed a draft resolution that rejected the US move on Jerusalem in Thursday's vote to be included in a row of abstained nations. The majority of UN member states in the General Assembly's emergency session demand that all countries comply with UN Security Council resolutions on the status of Jerusalem. The resolution as a result of this vote also expressed "deep regret" over the recent decision on the status of Jerusalem. The resolution reaffirms that the final status of Jerusalem can only be resolved through direct talks between Palestine and Israel as agreed in previous UN resolutions. 

 The UN General Assembly vote was held after the United States on Monday (18/12/2017) exercised a veto to reject a draft UN Security Council resolution calling on the country to cancel the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Only the United States opposes the draft resolution at the UN Security Council's session of 15 members. Voting on the UN Security Council on Monday (18/12/2017), for a resolution against the United States step recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. 

Although supported by 14 of the 15 UN Security Council member states, the resolution failed to emerge because the Americans used their veto rights. (Un.org/UN Photo / Kim Haughton) The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel declared United States President Donald Trump on Tuesday (6/12/2017) and immediately received rejection from various parts of the world, including Indonesia. Not binding The UN General Assembly's emergency session was held at the request of the Palestinians and received support from a number of countries, following the United States veto on the UN Security Council. A day before the trial was held, the United States threatened to sanction the economy to UN member states who speak out against it. UN Resolution 377, published in 1950, became the legal umbrella of the UN General Assembly's emergency session in the event that the UN Security Council failed to make peace-related resolutions due to the use of veto power. This procedure is known as "uniting for peace". 

The full terms of this procedure can be accessed via the https://www.un.org/en/ga/sessions/emergency.shtml link. Unfortunately, the resolution resulting from an UN General Assembly emergency session like this does not have binding legal force. The resolution also can not force the use of international law as if the resolution was issued by the UN Security Council. However, the UN Security Council resolution issued in 1980 related to the prohibition for every country to hold diplomatic missions in Jerusalem has never been revoked. The resolution of the final status of Jerusalem must be decided by direct Palestinian and Israeli negotiations - published in 1967 - is still valid. US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said his country would still move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem despite the UN General Assembly resolution. 

 "The United States will place our embassy (in Israel) in Jerusalem .... No resolution at the UN will make a difference in that," Haley told the UN General Assembly. However, Haley said, America would "remember" the day of the vote. According to him, the United States now has a view that is no longer the same about the United Nations and countries that are against each other. "When we make generous contributions to the UN, we also have a legitimate hope that our goodwill is recognized and respected," Haley said. The Palestinians welcomed this UN General Assembly resolution. "The outcome of this vote is a victory for the Palestinians," Nabil Abu Rdainal, spokesman for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, told Reuters. The Palestinian ambassador to the UN Riyad Mansour called the voting result 128 to nine this is a major setback for the United States.

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Info : Trump Threatens the United Nations Resolution Supporting Countries Related to Jerusalem

US President Donald Trump has threatened the termination of financial aid to countries that support UN resolutions against Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. As is known, earlier this month, 

Trump said Jerusalem was the capital of Israel, although from the beginning it has been criticized internationally and recently triggered rallies in several places. "They take millions of dollars and even billions of dollars, they vote against us," he told reporters at the White House. 

 "Let them speak out against us, we'll save a lot, we do not care," he said. His comments came ahead of a vote in the UN General Assembly on Thursday (21/12/2017), to produce a resolution opposed to recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Earlier, the US ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley warned the UN member states about President Trump asking him to report on a country opposed to the US decision on the vote. 

 "The president will observe the vote carefully and have asked me to report on the countries that are against us," he said. "The President's announcement will in no way affect the final status talks, including the special frontier of Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem," he added. "The president also made clear support for the status quo (current state) of the holy sites of Jerusalem," Haley said. Haley reiterated his warning via Twitter message, "The US will record names (countries)." Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki and Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu accused the United States of intimidating. 

 "We see the US being left alone now turning threatening: no honorable and dignified country will be subject to this pressure," Cavusoglu said. The status of Jerusalem is a major issue in the long Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel occupied the eastern region of the city, previously controlled by Jordan, during the Middle East War in 1967. 

The Israeli government considers the entire territory of Jerusalem an inseparable capital. While the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of the future state. Under the Oslo Agreement in 1993, the status of Jerusalem will ultimately be established in the next stage of the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks. A total of 193 members of the UN General Assembly will hold an unusual special session on Thursday at the request of Arab and Islamic countries condemning President Trump's decision to change US policy for decades. The Palestinians urged a special meeting to be held after the United States vetoed a UN Security Council resolution that affirms any decision on the status of Jerusalem "void and abolish". The UN also urges all countries to refrain from forming a diplomatic mission in Jerusalem.

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UN General Assembly Votes Again for a Draft Resolution on Jerusalem

The United Nations General Assembly decided to hold an emergency session on Thursday for a vote on a draft resolution rejecting US President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

  The United Nations General Assembly decided to hold an emergency session on Thursday for a vote on a draft resolution rejecting US President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The auspicious meeting was in demand from Turkey and Yemen on behalf of a group of Arab countries and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).

 President of the UN General Assembly, Miroslav Lajcak said on Monday (18/12/2017) night, has informed about the meeting to all representatives of 193 member countries. The agenda of the emergency meeting was taken after earlier, the US vetoed the draft resolution issued by the UN Security Council. On the initiation of Egypt, the UN Security Council issued a draft resolution to cancel the status of US recognition of Jerusalem that is considered to have no legal effect. Now, with the 193-member General Assembly, no country has the right to veto. Even by the Security Council where the US, Britain, China, France and Russia become permanent members. 

 "The General Assembly will say, without fear of a veto, that the international community refuses to accept a unilateral US recognition," Palestinian ambassador to the UN Riyad Mansour said. President Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel sparked protests across the Muslim world and came under heavy criticism.

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